Validated measures of illness perception and behavior in people with knee pain and knee osteoarthritis: a scoping review

Publication type
Journal article
Authors
Hamilton CB Wong MK Gignac MA Davis AM Chesworth BM
Date published
2017 Jan 25
Journal
Pain Practice
Volume
17
Issue
1
Pages
99-114
Open Access?
No
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify validated measures that capture illness perception and behavior and have been used to assess people who have knee pain/osteoarthritis. METHODS: A scoping review was performed. Nine electronic databases were searched for records from inception through April 19, 2015. Search terms included illness perception, illness behavior, knee, pain, osteoarthritis, and their related terms. This review included English language publications of primary data on people with knee pain/osteoarthritis who were assessed with validated measures capturing any of 4 components of illness perception and behavior: monitor body, define and interpret symptoms, take remedial action, and utilize sources of help. Seventy-one publications included relevant measures. Two reviewers independently coded and analyzed each relevant measure within the 4 components. RESULTS: Sixteen measures were identified that capture components of illness perception and behavior in the target population. These measures were originally developed to capture constructs that include coping strategies/skills/styles, illness belief, illness perception, self-efficacy, and pain behavior. Coding results indicated that 5, 11, 12, and 5 of these measures included the monitor body, define and interpret symptoms, take remedial action, and utilize sources of help components, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Several validated measures were interpreted as capturing some components, and only 1 measure was interpreted as capturing all of the components of illness perception and behavior in the target population. A measure that comprehensively captures illness perception and behavior could be valuable for informing and evaluating therapy for patients along a continuum of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis