Developing a gender/sex-sensitive evidence base on relationship between psychosocial work environment and chronic disease
Reasons for the study
Male and female labour force participation rates in Canada have changed dramatically over the last three decades. The percentage of female labour force participants increased from 39 per cent to 48 per cent between 1980 and 2011. Despite this increase in female labour market participation, our understanding of how work, including work stress, affects health status is still male-centric. However, there might be important male and female differences in the assessment of work stress, the biological and behavioural reactions to work stress, and the relationship between work stress and risk of subsequent disease. The purpose of this project is to build an evidence base concerning male and female differences in the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and future risk of metabolic diseases.
Objectives of the study
- Examine gender/sex differences in the association between dimensions of the psychosocial work environment and general work stress and general life stress
- Examine gender/sex differences in the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and subsequent health behaviour and body mass index (BMI) trajectories over a 16-year period
- Examine the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and cardiovascular disease in Ontario over a 12-year period
This project develops a cross-disciplinary and multi-jurisdictional team of researchers for further work in exploring gender and the relationships between work environment and risk of disease.
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Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
Canadian Institutes of Health Research