Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include painful conditions and injuries of the muscles, tendons, joints and nerves that affect the neck, shoulders, elbows, wrists and hands. In Canada, upper extremity MSDs and low-back pain are the leading causes of disabling work-related injuries.
This systematic review updates a 2008 review of the role of occupational health and safety interventions in the prevention of upper extremity MSDs.
The team found strong evidence that workplace-based resistance training programs can help prevent and manage upper extremity MSDs. Moderate was found that stretching exercise programs, workstation forearm supports and vibration feedback on mouse use can help prevent and manage upper extremity MSDs and symptoms. The team also found moderate evidence that electromagnetic (EMG) biofeedback, job stress management and office workstation adjustments on their own (i.e. with minimal worker involvement) have no effect on upper extremity MSDs.
Summary: What workplace programs help prevent upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders? (187.5 KB)