Project reports

The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma in Canada due to occupational asbestos exposure

What would be the saving to society if we did not have any new cases of cancer attributable to occupational asbestos exposures in a particular year? That is the key question behind an economic burden study by the Institute for Work & Health, with support of the Canadian Cancer Society. The findings of this study, looking at the costs of newly diagnosed cases in 2011, were presented at a stakeholder meeting held by the Occupational Cancer Research Centre (OCRC) on November 5, 2015. The focus of the meeting was to share preliminary findings from the Burden of Occupational Cancer in Canada study, particularly those related to asbestos, radon and diesel exhaust.

A second presentation in June 2016 at the advisory committee meeting of the EU-OSHA Project on the Estimation of Costs of Work-Related Injuries, Illnesses and Deaths at the European Level includes estimates of "para-occupational" exposure (e.g. a family member’s exposure to fibres brought home on work clothing).

The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma in Canada due to occupational asbestos exposure November 2015 (OCRC) (466 KB)
Published: 2016

The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma in Canada due to occupational asbestos exposure June 2016 (EU-OSHA) (1.03 MB)
Published: 2016

Work injury and poverty: Investigating prevalence across programs and over time

This project investigated the prevalence of poverty among permanently impaired injured workers across different time periods and receiving benefits from different legislative programs.

Work injury and poverty: Investigating prevalence across programs and over time (1.32 MB)

Published: 2014

Needlestick injury prevention: Lessons learned from acute-care hospitals in Ontario

Ontario, like a number of other jurisdictions, has regulated the use of safety-engineered needles (SENs) to prevent needlestick injuries in the health-care sector. Yet records demonstrate that needlestick injuries have not substantially declined in the province. Case studies were carried out in three acute-care hospitals in Ontario to help stakeholders understand why needlestick injuries continue to occur and what might challenge and support further progress in this area. The findings from these case studies are included in this report.

Needlestick injury prevention: Lessons learned from acute-care hospitals in Ontario (675 KB)

Published: 2014

Assessment of the utility of WorkSafeNB's Internal Responsibility System Questionnaire and IWH's Organizational Performance Metric: Public report

In 2010, WorkSafeNB asked the Institute for Work and Health (IWH) to assess its Internal Responsibility System Questionnaire (IRSQ), a survey tool it had developed to measure safety culture within an organization. As part of its assessment, IWH compared the IRSQ with another previously validated tool designed to measure leading indicators, called the Organizational Performance Metric (OPM). This document reports on the assessment of  these two tools.

Assessment of the utility of WorkSafeNB's IRSQ and IWH's OPM: Public report (797 KB)

Published: 2013

Red Flags/Green Lights: A multiple stakeholder evaluation of the uses of a return-to-work problems guide

In May 2009, the Institute for Work & Health developed Red Flags/Green Lights: A Guide to Identifying and Solving Return-to-Work Problems to help decision-makers identify and manage return-to-work (RTW) problems. This document reports on a study that evaluated how this guide is being used by various RTW stakeholders.

Red Flags/Green Lights: A multiple stakeholder evaluation of the uses of a return-to-work problems guide (839 KB)

Published: 2011

Delicate dances: New immigrants' experiences after a work-related injury

This is a plain-language report summarizing the findings of an Institute for Work & Health study that explored the experiences of recent immigrants who were injured on the job (see below for the full report).

Delicate dances: New immigrants' experiences after a work-related injury (1002 KB)

Published: 2011

Immigrant workers' experiences of injury reporting and claim filing

The experiences of recent immigrants who are injured on the job, including their knowledge of their rights, encounters with employers and health-care providers, and experiences with injury reporting and claim filing, are detailed in this study report from the Institute for Work & Health.

Immigrant workers' experiences of injury reporting and claim filing (588 KB)

Published: 2011

Review of safety resources for recent immigrants entering the Canadian workforce

This national scan from the Institute for Work & Health looks at some of the services, programs and resources on occupational health & safety and workers' compensation that are available to recent immigrants to Canada. It discusses trends in the types of resources available, identifies important gaps and highlights case studies of programs that present interesting opportunities for providing this information to newcomers.

Review of safety resources for recent immigrants entering the Canadian workforce (1.2 MB)

Published: 2011

Emergency department visits for the treatment of work-related injury and illness in Ontario

A study from the Institute for Work & Health suggests emergency department records in Ontario can provide an independent source of reliable surveillance information on acute job-related injuries and illnesses.

Emergency department visits for the treatment of work-related injury and illness in Ontario (245 KB)

Published: 2011

Benchmarking organizational leading indicators for the prevention and management of injuries and illnesses: Final report

"Leading indicators" are measures of workplace practices that describe the effectiveness of health, safety and disability prevention initiatives before injuries, illnesses and disabilities occur. Can a simple tool be developed that will predict a firm’s workplace injury experience based on an assessment of its health and safety policies and practices? This was the question that a team of partners within Ontario's occupational health and safety system set out to answer, and it looks like the answer is “yes.”

Benchmarking organizational leading indicators for the prevention and management of injuries and illnesses: Final report (952 KB)

Published: 2011

Sickness, Disability and Work: Breaking the Barriers. Canada: Opportunities for Collaboration

This OECD report is relevant to all Canadians who design, deliver or receive benefits from sickness or disability programs. It points out differences in eligibility rules, income benefits and employment supports, as well as the lack of coordination across these programs, which are delivered provincially and federally. The report calls for dialogue among major stakeholders and makes several recommendations.
Access the report from the OECD website
Published: 2010, by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

OHSCO System Performance Measurement Report 2008

The Occupational Health & Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO) released its final report on system performance measurements. The report highlights trends of key performance indicators in the Ontario prevention system.

OHSCO System Performance Measurement Report 2008 (917 KB)

Published: 2010

Bridging the Safety Gap for Vulnerable Young Workers Using Employment Centres

This report from the Institute for Work and Health and the Ontario Association of Youth Employment Centres looks at work injuries and health and safety knowledge among a high-risk group of workers: young people aged 15 to 24 who are out of school, especially those with less than a high school diploma.

Bridging the Safety Gap for Vulnerable Young Workers Using Employment Centres (756 KB)

Published: 2009

Assessing the Effects of Experience Rating in Ontario

This study looks at the New Experimental Experience Rating (NEER) program, using case studies from the health-care, transportation and manufacturing sectors. NEER is an employer incentive program of the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board.

Assessing the Effects of Experience Rating in Ontario (414 KB)

Published: 2005

Preventing Injury, Illness and Disability at Work: What Works and How Do We Know?

After several decades of concentrated effort by researchers, policy-makers and employers, the decline in rates of workplace injuries is decelerating and long absences from work persist after injury. This paper is intended to initiate a dialogue about prevention among all those who are interested in making Ontario workplaces safer and healthier by building a framework for further discussion and activity.

Preventing Injury, Illness and Disability at Work: What Works and How Do We Know? (1.8 MB)

Published: 2003