Industrial injury hospitalizations billed to payers other than workers' compensation: characteristics and trends by state

Publication type
Journal article
Authors
Sears JM Bowman SM Blanar L Hogg-Johnson S
Date published
2017 Jan 25
Journal
Health Services Research
Volume
52
Issue
2
Pages
763-785
Open Access?
No
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of industrial injury hospitalizations, and to test the hypothesis that industrial injuries were increasingly billed to non-workers' compensation (WC) payers over time. DATA SOURCES: Hospitalization data for 1998-2009 from State Inpatient Databases, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective secondary analyses described the distribution of payer, age, gender, race/ethnicity, and injury severity for injuries identified using industrial place of occurrence codes. Logistic regression models estimated trends in expected payer. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: There was a significant increase over time in the odds of an industrial injury not being billed to WC in California and Colorado, but a significant decrease in New York. These states had markedly different WC policy histories. Industrial injuries among older workers were more often billed to a non-WC payer, primarily Medicare. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest potentially dramatic cost shifting from WC to Medicare. This study adds to limited, but mounting evidence that, in at least some states, the burden on non-WC payers to cover health care for industrial injuries is growing, even while WC-related employer costs are decreasing-an area that warrants further research