Individual, occupational, and workplace correlates of occupational health and safety vulnerability in a sample of Canadian workers

Publication type
Journal article
Authors
Lay AM Saunders R Lifshen M Breslin FC LaMontagne A Tompa E Smith PM
Date published
2016 Jan 25
Journal
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume
59
Issue
2
Pages
119-128
ISSN/ISBN Number
1097-0274
Open Access?
Yes
Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe OH&S vulnerability across a diverse sample of Canadian workers.

METHODS:

A survey was administered to 1,835 workers employed more than 15 hrs/week in workplaces with at least five employees. Adjusted logistic models were fitted for three specific and one overall measure of workplace vulnerability developed based on hazard exposure and access to protective OH&S policies and procedures, awareness of employment rights and responsibilities, and workplaceempowerment.

RESULTS:

More than one third of the sample experienced some OH&S vulnerability. The type and magnitude of vulnerability varied by labor market sub-group. Younger workers and those in smaller workplaces experienced significantly higher odds of multiple types of vulnerability. Temporary workers reported elevated odds of overall, awareness- and empowerment-related vulnerability, while respondents born outside of Canada had significantly higher odds of awareness vulnerability.

CONCLUSION:

Knowing how labor market sub-groups experience different types of vulnerability can inform better-tailored primary prevention interventions.

© 2015 The Authors. American Journal of Industrial Medicine Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

epidemiology; health and safety; vulnerability