Evaluating the implementation of a participatory organizational change intervention in long-term care
Reasons for the study
The long-term care sector is fast-paced and demanding, putting workers at significant risk of work-related injuries. Among long-term care workers, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and slips, trips and falls (STFs) are a major source of injuries. MSDs and STFs account for over 60 per cent of all lost-time claims in Ontario’s health-care sector. The Public Services Health & Safety Association has developed an organizational-level participatory ergonomics program, called “Employees Participating in Change” (EPIC), to reduce the incidence of MSD and STF hazards and injuries in long-term care. IWH researchers are evaluating the implementation of the EPIC program.
Objectives of the study
- To understand the implementation of an organizational-level participatory ergonomics intervention in long-term care and its effects on outcomes such as self-efficacy, norms development and hazard reduction
- To examine if implementing the EPIC program results in a reduction of MSD or STF hazards
- To develop a tool to help guide the participatory change process in long-term care
Findings will help determine the benefits, challenges and processes of implementing organizational-level participatory ergonomics programs in long-term care homes to reduce workplace injuries.
Related scientific publications
- Van Eerd D, D'Elia T, Ferron EM, Robson LS, Amick B. Implementation of participatory organizational change in long term care to improve safety. Journal of Safety Research. 2021;78:9-18. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2021.05.002.
- Van Eerd D, Ferron EM, D'Elia T, Morgan D, Ziesmann F, Amick B. Process evaluation of a participatory organizational change program to reduce musculoskeletal and slip, trip and fall injuries. Applied Ergonomics. 2018;68:42-53. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2017.10.015.
Related interviews and articles
- Long-term care home sees safety culture change after participatory ergonomics study. At Work: Institute for Work & Health; No. 88, Spring 2017.
Related research summaries
- Implementing participatory ergonomics in the long-term care sector. Research Highlights: Institute for Work & Health, February 2022.
Ontario Personal Support Workers Association
Ontario Public Service Employees Union
Public Services Health & Safety Association
Ontario Ministry of Labour, Centre for Research on the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders (CRE-MSD)