Effectiveness of injury/illness prevention and loss control programs: a systematic review

Reasons for the study

Injury/illness prevention and loss control programs help protect workers from injuries, meet regulatory requirements, reduce the negative effects of injuries and manage costs. These programs include the three Ps: work practices among employees, policies developed by employers, and programs required by legislation. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify studies that evaluated the effect of injury/illness prevention and loss control programs on reducing the frequency and/or severity of workplace injuries.


The systematic review, completed in 2008, found strong evidence supporting the effectiveness of disability management/return-to-work programs. Researchers recommend that workplaces develop multi-component disability management programs that involve the health-care provider, company supervisors and workers, and workers' compensation carriers.

Related research summaries

Are workplace prevention programs effective? . Sharing Best Evidence: Institute for Work & Health, December 2008.

Related scientific publications

Brewer S, King E, Amick B, Delelos G, Spear J, Irvin E, Mahood Q, Lee L, Lewis C, Tetrick L, Gimeno D, Williams R. Systematic review of injury/illness prevention and loss control programs. Institute for Work & Health; 2007.

Project status


Research team

Shelley Brewer, University of Texas (PI)
Eden King, George Mason University
Ben Amick, Institute for Work & Health
George Delclos, University of Texas
Jerome Spear, JE Spear Consulting
Emma Irvin, Institute for Work & Health
Quenby Mahood, Institute for Work & Health
Linda Lee, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Cindy Lewis, Creative Safety Solutions
Lois Tetrick, George Mason University
David Gimeno, University College London
Renee Williams, McMaster University

Funded by

Workplace Safety and Insurance Board of Ontario, University of Texas Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Southwest Center for Occupational and Environmental Health